Contributory Parent and Aged Parent visasApplicants of parent visas can apply in Australia or from overseas. The offshore category is referred to as “migrant” class and the onshore category is referred to as “residence” class.The basic requirements for both visa categories are the same, however contributory visas have a high financial requirement in that the applicants must make a significant financial contribution to their future health and welfare costs.
Offshore Parent visasSubclass 103 Parent (migrant) Subclass 173 Contributory parent (temporary)Subclass 143 Contributory parent (migrant)
Onshore Parent visasSubclass 804 Aged parent (residence)Subclass 884 Contributory aged parent (temporary) Subclass 864 Contributory aged parent (residence)
Eligibility CriteriaThe applicant must be the parent of and sponsored a child of the spouse of a child who is a settled Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible NZ citizen. The applicant must also satisfy the balance of family test, the health and character requirements, and an Assurance of support and bond must be provided.
SponsorThe applicant’s sponsor must be an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible NZ citizen who is considered a settled resident. Settled means lawfully resident in Australian for a reasonable period of time. The sponsor must also be a child of the applicant i.e natural childre, adopted or step child.
Balance of family testThis is a very important requirement of the parent visa and applies to all parent and contributory parent visas subclasses.Balance of family test basically means at least half of the applicant’s children live in Australia permanently, this includes adopted children and step-children.
If this requirement can not be satisfied, the parent is not eligible to apply for a parent visa.
Assurance of Support and BondNot all parent visas require an Assurance of Support to be provided.
Subclasses requiring an AoS are:-
Subclass 103 Parent
Subclass 143 Contributory parent
Subclass 804 Aged parent
Subclass 864 Contributory agent parentIf an assurance of support is required then a bond will have to be lodged. For the parent visa and aged parent visa, the bond is $3,500 for the main applicant and $1,500 for secondary applicant and will be held for a period of 2 years. The bond payable for a Contributory parent visa is $10,000 for the main applicant and $4,000 for the secondary application and will be retained for 10 years.
Capping and QueuingParent visas are capped. When a parent visa application is lodged, it is assessed in order of lodgement and allocated a “queue date”. This date signifies the application has satisfied the initial criteria. There could be 20,000 applications in queue and it is a very long wait , approximately 8 + years.Contributory parent visa which are also capped and queue but it is apparently a short queue. In the 2009-2010 migration programme year there were 7,500 visa places available.
Common issuesParent visas are not given priority processing unlike other family visa categories like spouse visas. If a parent is visiting Australia, they could decide to lodge an offshore parent visa, however they will not be granted a bridging visa to remain in Australian pending the outcome of their application.